Amazing Red Waterfall in Antarctica
The red liquid flowing out of the Taylor Glacier in Antarctida. The color is obtained due to high amount of iron oxide in the water. Salty water rich in iron leaves a small fissure at the Taylor Glacier. The Blood Waterfall takes its water from a nearby lake covered with a layer of ice which is 400 meters deep. The lake appeared as the result of sea water retroversion and covering the place with ice 4-1.5 million years ago. That time the level of the world ocean was much higher than it is now.
This beautiful waterfall was discovered in 1911. First researchers in Antarctica thought the color was obtained due to red alga and found out the true reason later. Iron oxide in the water is a result of metabolism observed in unique microorganisms. Having analyzed chemical composition of the water scientists could prove that the lake is inhabited by organisms which are supplied with vital energy by reconstructing sulfites from sulphates with their subsequent oxidation by ions of trivalents iron entering the water from the mud line.